TDS stands for tax deducted at source. As per the Income Tax Act, any company or person making a payment is required to deduct tax at source if the payment exceeds certain threshold limits. TDS has to be deducted at the rates prescribed by the tax department. The company or person that makes the payment after deducting TDS is called a deductor and the company or person receiving the payment is called the deductee. It is the deductor’s responsibility to deduct TDS before making the payment and deposit the same with the government. TDS is deducted irrespective of the mode of payment–cash, cheque or credit–and is linked to the PAN of the deductor and deducted.
Different types of TDS forms are as follows :- Form 24Q -TDS on Salaries Form 26Q – TDS on payments other than Salaries Form 27Q – TDS on payments made to Non-Residents Form 27EQ – TCS
When your employer deducts tds as applicable on your salary, Employer file tds form 24q and issue tds certificate to the employee. At the time of filing an income tax return, the employee can claim the portion of tds deducted by the employer.
Following are the basic duties of any individual who is liable to deduct tax at source. • He shall obtain Tax Deduction Account Number and quote the same in all the documents pertaining to TDS. • He shall deduct the tax at source at the applicable rate. • He shall pay the tax deducted by him at the source to the credit of the Government (by the due date specified in this regard*). • He shall file the periodic TDS statements, i.e., TDS return (by the due date specified in this regard*). • He shall issue the TDS certificate to the payee in respect of tax deducted by him (by the due date specified in this regard*). *Refer tax calendar for the due dates.